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Joseph Bennett
Joseph Bennett

st10flashertoolv24brar: What It Is and How It Works


What is st10flashertoolv24brar and why do you need it?




If you are working with STMicroelectronics' ST10F27X microcontrollers, you might have come across a file named st10flashertoolv24brar. This file is actually a compressed archive that contains a software tool called ST10FLASHER, which is used to program the embedded flash memory of the ST10F27X devices.




st10flashertoolv24brar



In this article, you will learn what is ST10F27X and how to program its embedded flash memory using the ST10FLASHER tool. You will also discover the benefits and limitations of using this tool, as well as some alternative tools or methods that you can use for programming the ST10F27X embedded flash memory.


By the end of this article, you will have a clear understanding of what is st10flashertoolv24brar and why you need it for your projects involving ST10F27X microcontrollers.


What is ST10F27X and how to program its embedded flash memory?




The ST10F27X is a family of 16-bit microcontrollers based on the C166 core architecture, developed by STMicroelectronics. These microcontrollers are designed for automotive and industrial applications that require high performance, low power consumption, and robustness.


The ST10F27X devices have up to 256 KB of embedded flash memory, which can be programmed in-system or in-application using various interfaces, such as JTAG, CAN, or UART. However, one of the easiest and most convenient ways to program the embedded flash memory of these devices is using a software tool called ST10FLASHER.


ST10FLASHER is a Windows-based application that allows you to communicate with the ST10F27X devices via an RS232 interface, and perform various operations on their embedded flash memory, such as erasing, programming, verifying, blank checking, reading, or running.


To use this tool, you need to have a PC connected to an RS232 interface board that is connected to your target device via a standard bootstrap mode configuration. You also need to download and install the st10flashertoolv24brar file from <a How to install and run the ST10FLASHER tool?




Before you can use the ST10FLASHER tool to program the embedded flash memory of your ST10F27X device, you need to install and run the tool on your PC. Here are the steps to do so:


  • Download the st10flashertoolv24brar file from this link or this link. This file is a compressed archive that contains the ST10FLASHER executable file, a user manual, and some example files.



  • Extract the contents of the st10flashertoolv24brar file to a folder of your choice. You can use any software that can handle RAR files, such as WinRAR or 7-Zip.



  • Open the folder where you extracted the st10flashertoolv24brar file and double-click on the ST10FLASHER.exe file to launch the tool. You should see a window like this:



This is the main window of the ST10FLASHER tool, where you can configure and perform various operations on your ST10F27X device. How to enter the bootstrap loader mode?




Before you can communicate with your ST10F27X device using the ST10FLASHER tool, you need to enter the bootstrap loader mode. This is a special mode that allows you to access the embedded flash memory of the device via the RS232 interface.


To enter the bootstrap loader mode, you need to have the following hardware configuration:


  • A PC with an RS232 interface board and the ST10FLASHER tool installed.



  • An ST10F27X device with a power supply and a crystal oscillator connected to its pins.



  • A 10-pin connector that connects the RS232 interface board to the ST10F27X device. The pinout of the connector is shown below:



Once you have the hardware configuration ready, you need to perform the following steps to enter the bootstrap loader mode:


  • Turn off the power supply of the ST10F27X device.



  • Connect the 10-pin connector between the RS232 interface board and the ST10F27X device.



  • Set the DTR and RTS signals of the RS232 interface board to low (0 V).



  • Turn on the power supply of the ST10F27X device.



  • Set the DTR signal of the RS232 interface board to high (5 V).



  • Set the RTS signal of the RS232 interface board to high (5 V).



After these steps, your ST10F27X device should be in the bootstrap loader mode and ready to communicate with the ST10FLASHER tool.


How to communicate with the ST10F27X device?




Once your ST10F27X device is in the bootstrap loader mode, you can communicate with it using the ST10FLASHER tool. To do so, you need to configure some settings on the tool and establish a connection with the device.


The first setting you need to configure is the COM port that corresponds to your RS232 interface board. You can select it from the drop-down menu at the top left corner of the tool window. The default value is COM1, but you can change it if needed.


The second setting you need to configure is the baud rate that determines the speed of data transmission between your PC and your device. You can select it from the drop-down menu at the top right corner of the tool window. The default value is 9600 bps, but you can change it if needed. However, you should note that changing the baud rate may affect the reliability of communication, especially for higher values.


After configuring these settings, you can click on the connect button at the bottom left corner of the tool window. This will initiate a communication with your device and display its status on a message box. If everything goes well, you should see a message like this:


This means that your device has been successfully detected and identified by the tool. You can also see some information about your device, such as its part number, flash size, flash type, and flash protection status.


If you encounter any problems or errors during this process, you can try to troubleshoot them by following these tips:


  • Make sure that your hardware configuration is correct and that all connections are secure.



  • Make sure that your device is in the bootstrap loader mode and that its power supply and crystal oscillator are working properly.



  • Make sure that your COM port and baud rate settings are correct and compatible with your RS232 interface board and your device.



  • Make sure that your PC and your RS232 interface board are working properly and that there are no conflicts or interruptions in their communication.



How to erase, program, and verify the ST10F27X embedded flash memory?




After establishing a connection with your ST10F27X device, you can use the ST10FLASHER tool to perform various operations on its embedded flash memory. The most common operations are erasing, programming, and verifying the flash memory.


To erase the flash memory, you need to click on the erase flash button at the bottom right corner of the tool window. This will open a dialog box where you can select which flash memory areas you want to erase. You can choose between the following options:


  • All: This will erase the entire flash memory of your device.



  • Code: This will erase only the code area of your device, which is where your application code is stored.



  • Data: This will erase only the data area of your device, which is where your application data is stored.



  • Custom: This will allow you to enter a custom address range that you want to erase.



After selecting the option that suits your needs, you can click on the OK button to start the erasing process. The tool will display a progress bar and a message box indicating the status of the operation. If everything goes well, you should see a message like this:


This means that your flash memory has been successfully erased and is ready to be programmed.


To program the flash memory, you need to click on the file to program button at the top center of the tool window. This will open a dialog box where you can browse and select the hex file that contains your application code and data. The hex file must be in Intel hex format, which is a standard format for representing binary data in ASCII text.


After selecting the hex file that you want to program, you can click on the program & verify button at the bottom center of the tool window. This will start the programming and verifying process, which consists of two steps:


  • The tool will write the hex file data to the flash memory of your device, starting from address 0x00000000.



  • The tool will read back the flash memory data and compare it with the hex file data to ensure that they match.



The tool will display a progress bar and a message box indicating the status of each step. If everything goes well, you should see a message like this:


This means that your flash memory has been successfully programmed and verified with your application code and data. How to run the programmed application on the ST10F27X device?




After programming and verifying the flash memory of your ST10F27X device, you can run the programmed application on your device. To do so, you need to consider some hardware and software aspects.


On the hardware side, you need to make sure that your device has the proper power supply and crystal oscillator connected to its pins. You also need to disconnect the 10-pin connector that connects your device to the RS232 interface board, as it is no longer needed for running the application.


On the software side, you need to click on the run button at the bottom right corner of the tool window. This will send a command to your device to exit the bootstrap loader mode and start executing the application code from address 0x00000000.


The tool will display a message box indicating that your device is running the application. You can also see some information about your device, such as its part number, flash size, flash type, and flash protection status.


This means that your device is running the programmed application and you can test its functionality and performance.


What are the benefits and limitations of using the ST10FLASHER tool?




The ST10FLASHER tool is a useful and convenient software tool for programming the embedded flash memory of the ST10F27X devices. However, like any other tool, it has some benefits and limitations that you should be aware of.


Some of the benefits of using the ST10FLASHER tool are:


  • It is easy to use and has a user-friendly interface that guides you through the various operations.



  • It supports various flash memory operations, such as erasing, programming, verifying, blank checking, reading, or running.



  • It has an auto-device detection feature that identifies your device and displays its information.



  • It allows you to program your device in-system or in-application without removing it from its board or socket.



  • It does not require any additional hardware or software components, except for an RS232 interface board and a 10-pin connector.



Some of the limitations of using the ST10FLASHER tool are:


  • It only works with Windows-based PCs and does not support other operating systems.



  • It only supports RS232 interface and does not support other interfaces, such as JTAG, CAN, or UART.



  • It only supports Intel hex file format and does not support other file formats, such as binary or S-record.



  • It only supports ST10F27X devices and does not support other devices from the same family or other families.



  • It may have some compatibility or reliability issues with some RS232 interface boards or some ST10F27X devices.



What are some alternative tools or methods for programming the ST10F27X embedded flash memory?




If you are looking for some alternative tools or methods for programming the embedded flash memory of your ST10F27X device, you have some options to choose from. Here are some of them:



Tool/MethodFeaturesProsCons


JTAG interfaceA hardware interface that allows you to access the debug and test features of your device. You need a JTAG adapter and a JTAG software tool to use this interface.- It supports various flash memory operations, such as erasing, programming, verifying, blank checking, reading, or running.- It supports various file formats, such as binary or S-record.- It supports various devices from different families.- It has high speed and reliability.- It requires additional hardware and software components.- It may require removing your device from its board or socket.- It may have some compatibility or security issues with some JTAG adapters or some devices.


CAN interfaceA hardware interface that allows you to access the CAN bus features of your device. You need a CAN adapter and a CAN software tool to use this interface.- It supports various flash memory operations, such as erasing, programming, verifying, blank checking, reading, or running.- It supports various file formats, such as binary or S-record.- It supports various devices from different families.- It allows you to program multiple devices on the same bus.- It requires additional hardware and software components.- It may have some compatibility or performance issues with some CAN adapters or some devices.- It may have some noise or interference issues on the CAN bus.


UART interfaceA hardware interface that allows you to access the UART features of your device. You need a UART adapter and a UART software tool to use this interface.- It supports various flash memory operations, such as erasing, programming, verifying, blank checking, reading, or running.- It supports various file formats, such as binary or S-record.- It supports various devices from different families.- It does not require removing your device from its board or socket.- It requires additional hardware and software components.- It may have some compatibility or reliability issues with some UART adapters or some devices.- It has low speed and limited range.


As you can see, each tool or method has its own features, pros, and cons. You should choose the one that best suits your needs and preferences, depending on your project requirements and resources.


Conclusion




In this article, you have learned what is st10flashertoolv24brar and why you need it for your projects involving ST10F27X microcontrollers. You have also learned how to use the ST10FLASHER tool to program the embedded flash memory of your ST10F27X device, as well as the benefits and limitations of using this tool. Finally, you have learned about some alternative tools or methods that you can use for programming the embedded flash memory of your ST10F27X device.


We hope that this article has been helpful and informative for you. If you want to try out the ST10FLASHER tool or learn more about it, you can download it from this link or this link. You can also check out the user manual and the example files that are included in the st10flashertoolv24brar file.


If you have any questions, comments, or feedback about this article or the ST10FLASHER tool, feel free to leave them below. We would love to hear from you and help you with your projects.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about st10flashertoolv24brar and the ST10FLASHER tool:


  • What is the difference between st10flashertoolv24brar and st10flashertoolv24bzip?The st10flashertoolv24brar file is a compressed archive that contains the ST10FLASHER tool in RAR format. The st10flashertoolv24bzip file is a compressed archive that contains the same tool in ZIP format. They are essentially the same file, but with different compression methods. You can use either one of them to install and run the ST10FLASHER tool on your PC.



  • What are the system requirements for running the ST10FLASHER tool?The system requirements for running the ST10FLASHER tool are minimal. You only need a PC with Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/Vista/7/8/10 operating system, an RS232 interface board, and a 10-pin connector. You also need a power supply and a crystal oscillator for your ST10F27X device.



  • Can I use the ST10FLASHER tool to program other devices than ST10F27X?No, you cannot use the ST10FLASHER tool to program other devices than ST10F27X. The tool is specifically designed for programming the embedded flash memory of the ST10F27X devices only. If you want to program other devices from the same family or other families, you need to use other tools or methods that are compatible with those devices.



  • Can I use other interfaces than RS232 to communicate with my ST10F27X device using the ST10FLASHER tool?No, you cannot use other interfaces than RS232 to communicate with your ST10F27X device using the ST10FLASHER tool. The tool only supports RS232 interface and does not support other interfaces, such as JTAG, CAN, or UART. If you want to use other interfaces to communicate with your device, you need to use other tools or methods that support those interfaces.



  • Can I modify or customize the ST10FLASHER tool according to my needs?No, you cannot modify or customize the ST10FLASHER tool according to your needs. The tool is a proprietary software that is owned and protected by STMicroelectronics. You are not allowed to modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or otherwise alter the tool without the prior written consent of STMicroelectronics. If you do so, you may violate the terms and conditions of the tool license agreement and face legal consequences.



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